HFP01SC-L Self-Calibrating Soil Heat Flux Plate
Extreme Accuracy
Self-calibrating; ideal for energy-balance in eddy-covariance and Bowen-ratio systems
weather applications supported water applications supported energy applications supported gas flux and turbulence applications supported infrastructure applications supported soil applications supported


The HFP01SC, manufactured by Hukseflux, measures soil heat flux, typically for energy-balance in flux systems. It is intended for applications requiring the highest possible degree of measurement accuracy. At least two sensors are required for each site to provide spatial averaging. Sites with heterogeneous media may require additional sensors.

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Benefits and Features

  • Corrects for errors due to differences in thermal conductivity between the sensor and surrounding medium, temperature variations, and slight sensor instabilities
  • Compatible with most Campbell Scientific data loggers
  • Uses Van den Bos-Hoeksma self-calibration method to provide a high degree of measurement accuracy


An example energy-balance installation where the HFP01SCs are installed with the CS616 and TCAV

Technical Description

The HFP01SC consists of a thermopile and a film heater. The thermopile measures temperature gradients across the plate. During the in-situ field calibration, the film heater is used to generate a heat flux through the plate. The amount of power used to generate the calibration heat flux is measured by the datalogger. Each plate is individually calibrated, at the factory, to output flux.

Self-calibration corrects for errors due to differences in thermal conductivity between the sensor and surrounding medium, temperature variations, and slight sensor instabilities.


Sensor Type Thermopile with film heater
Sensitivity 50 μV W-1 m-2 (nominal)
Nominal Resistance 2 Ω
Temperature Range -30° to +70°C
Expected Typical Accuracy ±3% of reading
Heater Resistance 100 Ω (nominal)
Heater Voltage Input 9 to 15 Vdc
Heater Voltage Output 0 to 2 Vdc
Duration of Calibration ±3 minutes @ 1.5 W (typically performed every 3 to 6 hours)
Average Power Consumption 0.02 to 0.04 W
Plate Diameter 80 mm (3.15 in.)
Plate Thickness 5 mm (0.20 in.)
Weight 200 g (7.05 oz) without cable


Please note: The following shows notable compatibility information. It is not a comprehensive list of all compatible products.


Product Compatible Note
CR1000 (retired)
CR800 (retired)
CR850 (retired)


CR1000X HFP01SC Example program v.2 (3 kb) 18-02-2020

CR1000X program that measures the HFP01SC, performs the self-calibration, and checks for calibration validity. Refer to the manual for the equations used for the self-calibration and calibration-validity checks. A table in the manual provides a cross reference of the terms in the equations in the manual with the constants and variables in the example data logger program.

FAQs for

Number of FAQs related to HFP01SC-L: 13

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  1. No. The HFP01SC-L must be in full contact with the media. Railroad ballast is too coarse.

  2. Rather than using a running average to find the millivolt output during a calibration, use a single sample with 50 or 60 Hz integration. See Example 1 in the 2014 or later version of the HFP01SC-L manual.

  3. The example CRBasic program runs in either SequentialMode or PipeLineMode. To force the CRBasic program to run in PipeLineMode, add the instruction PipeLineMode to the beginning of the program.

  4. A calibration shift occurs if the HFP01SC-L is not making full contact with the soil during the calibration cycle. The following could cause the plate to lose contact with the soil: a soil freeze/thaw cycle, soil swelling/contracting because of extreme drying/wetting cycles, or rodents burrowing past the plate.

  5. The in-situ calibration is helpful for quality assurance/quality control. The multiplier determined from the in-situ calibration should be within ±10% of the factory-determined calibration. If it is not, the plate may be damaged, not wired correctly to the data logger, or not making full contact with the soil.

  6. Because of the loss of IR radiation, nearly all thermopile instruments typically have a negative offset. This offset is most easily visible at night-time, when a small negative value is read instead of zero. This same offset is present during the daytime, but it is not as visible because of the large solar signal.

    Another common issue involves leveling an instrument. Leveling a thermopile instrument can cause errors in the direct beam component because the cosine response is not correct. These errors are more notable when the sun is close to the horizon because the angle is so shallow.

  7. Not every sensor has different cable termination options. The options available for a particular sensor can be checked by looking in two places in the Ordering information area of the sensor product page:

    • Model number
    • Cable Termination Options list

    If a sensor is offered in an –ET, –ETM, –LC, –LQ, or –QD version, that option’s availability is reflected in the sensor model number. For example, the 034B is offered as the 034B-ET, 034B-ETM, 034B-LC, 034B-LQ, and 034B-QD.

    All of the other cable termination options, if available, are listed on the Ordering information area of the sensor product page under “Cable Termination Options.” For example, the 034B-L Wind Set is offered with the –CWS, –PT, and –PW options, as shown in the Ordering information area of the 034B-L product page.

    Note: As newer products are added to our inventory, typically, we will list multiple cable termination options under a single sensor model rather than creating multiple model numbers. For example, the HC2S3-L has a –C cable termination option for connecting it to a CS110 instead of offering an HC2S3-LC model. 

  8. Most Campbell Scientific sensors are available as an –L, which indicates a user-specified cable length. If a sensor is listed as an –LX model (where “X” is some other character), that sensor’s cable has a user-specified length, but it terminates with a specific connector for a unique system:

    • An –LC model has a user-specified cable length for connection to an ET107, CS110, or retired Metdata1.
    • An –LQ model has a user-specified cable length for connection to a RAWS-P weather station.

    If a sensor does not have an –L or other –LX designation after the main model number, the sensor has a set cable length. The cable length is listed at the end of the Description field in the product’s Ordering information. For example, the 034B-ET model has a description of “Met One Wind Set for ET Station, 67 inch Cable.” Products with a set cable length terminate, as a default, with pigtails.

    If a cable terminates with a special connector for a unique system, the end of the model number designates which system. For example, the 034B-ET model designates the sensor as a 034B for an ET107 system.

    • –ET models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station.
    • –ETM models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station, but they also include a special system mounting, which is often convenient when purchasing a replacement part.
    • –QD models terminate with the connector for a RAWS-F Quick Deployment Station.
    • –PW models terminate with the connector for a PWENC or pre-wired system.
  9. This depends on the information contained in the calibration sheet:

    • If the calibration sheet contains coefficient information, Campbell Scientific keeps a copy, and a replacement copy can be requested.
    • If the calibration sheet does not contain coefficients, Campbell Scientific does not keep a copy. It may be possible to contact the original manufacturer for a replacement copy.

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